Topic brief: Biomethane for transport

Date: 23 March 2018                                                    Coordinator of the exchange session: ESS, Hannele Johansson                                  

The following topic brief summarizes discussions held during an EU level exchange sessions (T4.1) among BiogasAction project partners. It aims at providing the main outcomes of the discussions. Each topic brief focuses on one specific development topic for biogas in Europe. Topic briefs can be downloaded at

What is the topic about?

Biomethane provides a viable alternative to fossil fuels for transport.

What is at stake?

Biomethane can be used in transport and represents a major opportunity for implementing fossil free strategies in territories:

  • It is a locally produced and clean vehicle fuel
  • Instead of burning our household and other waste, we reuse it.
  • When produced from manure we obtain two products: biogas/biomethane as well as biological fertilizer that is returned to the soil.
  • It reduces the emission twice first from the heaps of manure and secondly from the traffic
  • By producing biogas from manure, we reduce the overfertilization of protected areas
  • It is crucial for farmers if they wish to increase their production and revenue

Partners experiences

Experience from Sweden

  • The first GNV vehicles that were introduced on the Swedish market were busses in the late 1980s’. In 2008 for the first time the share of biomethane in the vehicle gas (86%) exceeded the share of natural gas. Sweden counts 170 public refueling stations for BioCNG and 6 for BioLNG. An addition, there are 60 non public refuelling stations. In 2017 there were alltogether 55 117 GNVs in Sweden: 2 533 buses (15 %), 854 heavy vehicles and 51 730 passenger cars and light transport vehicles (>1 %). This deployment has been possible thanks to a strong political will and tools such as green public procurement. More information is available at:

Key findings and lessons learnt:

Success factors in Sweden:

  • Public procurements
  • Co-operation between private and public actors
  • Exemption from energy tax
  • Exemption from CO2 tax
  • Tough climate targets on national, regional and local levels
  • A common vision and target of a fossil independent transport sector in 2030

Download the Topic brief here (PDF version).