The Swedish 282 biogas plants produced altogether 1,9 TWh biogas in 2015. 63 % of the production was upgraded to biomethane and used as vehicle fuel. 20 % of the production was used for heating, 3 % was used as electricity and 2 % in industry. Sweden has ambitious targets to have a fossil fuel independent transport sector in 2030 and to become a fossil fuel free country in 2050. Today more than 70 % of the methane used as vehicle fuel is biomethane and less than 30 % natural gas. Also, the Swedish Government has decided that by 2018 at least 50% of the food waste from households, shops and restaurants shall be sorted out and treated biologically in order to re-utilise the nutrients. From at least 40% of the food waste, even the energy shall be recovered, a decision that benefits biogas/biomethane production. On the regional level we have a Regional Strategy and Action Plan for biomethane with targets for production, distribution and consumption of biomethane. Nevertheless, today there is an imbalance between supply and demand in the country impeding new investments in biomethane production.
During 2016 the ESS has come out with the following work within the
WP3 – Intervention in Target Countries/Regions:
- The Project Manager (PM) in Sweden coordinates a stakeholder forum called Biogas Sydost (Biogas Southeast) consisting of key actors and stake-holders from the whole biomethane value chain. In 2016 the forum has got two new producers as members. The PM has organised four network meetings combined with visits or other interesting programs. Due to the market situation, the main focus has been in distribution and consumption
- Two smaller seminars for biomethane stakeholders on how to find a market for biomethane has taken place in 2016. The first one with the PM as speaker and the second one organised by PM with regional stakeholders resulting in a decision to apply for a pre-feasibility study for LBG production in our region. The study, due to its size and character, is made in another program but, should it lead to production, it will benefit the Biogas Action project.
- Built a potential producers group to catch their view.
- Organised a full day seminar called “Biomethane today and in the future” during the ESS annual energy conference.
- Study visit to a small scale upgrading plant together with a biogas producer wishing to start upgrading of biogas and regional stakeholders
- Arranged an internship to a French student from AILE at More Biogas biomethane plant resulting in cooperation with the regional university. The idea is to build a competence centre in connection to More Biogas. One brainstorming session has already taken place and the next step is to make a study visit to an existing competence centre in Trelleborg with regional stakeholders.
- Participated in a marketing group on national level and a dialog meeting with six Swedish municipalities on how to reach the 2030 targets.