Status of Development – ESS, Southeast Sweden

Today 63% of Swedish biogas is mainly upgraded to biomethane and used as vehicle fuel. The Southeast Sweden has however still an big, untapped biogas potential. ESS is actively working on the biomethane powered public transport – buses and replacement of diesel powered trains, development of competence centre and supporting research studies.

Status of Development

In Sweden 1.9 TWh biogas was produced in 282 plants in 2015. 63 % of the production was upgraded to biomethane, 20 % was used for heating, 3 % for electricity, 10 % was fladed and 2 % was used for industrial purpose. Today 63 % biogas is mainly upgraded to biomethane and used as vehicle fuel, which is 20 % more than the year before. In southeast Sweden there is a big untapped potential for biogas/biomethane production. During the last five years, four new biomethane plants have been built increasing the biomethane production from 10 to 75 GWh/yr.

Three new companies have recently been established by farmers. Yet one company wishes to increase their biogas production in order to be able to upgrade it to biomethane and another one wishes to double their production of biomethane. These are all companies owned by farmers. Two public procuments of busses, in Växjö and in Kalmar, in favour of biomethane have boosted the intreset to start biomethane production.

What have been done during the first project part

During this first period of intervention, the network Biogas Sydost has got five new members. The network has had altogether five physical meetings during the first intervention period – the agenda of the meetings included i.a. regional targets for transport-biomethane, GNVs and biomethane distribution, new refuelling station.

Activities strengthening the biogas sector framework included organizing three events focusing on biomethane production.

In order to identify a new market for the compressed or liquefied biomethane that can be produced in our region, the ESS, participated in the work to find a new renewable fuel alternative for the diesel trains. Coordinated a pre-study to find out if it would be possible to identify a market for liquefied biomethane.

Moreover a French agro-engineer student, from another BiogasAction partner, AILE, made his practice at More Biogas during nine weeks in summer 2016. The results from his studies have been communicated to other biomethane producers on a network meeting. Discussions are going on with the Linnaeus University of a possibility to build a permanent biomethane competence center with a laboratory at More Biogas plant premises.