Status of Development – CCS, The Netherlands
In the Netherlands, a total of 100 MW of biogas plants are installed, however many installations and plants face problems and are not running, because of the crisis in agricultural biogas. One of the main aim of the CCS is to overcome difficulties in the plant realisations and use 100% of the fundings available.
State of Departure
The country has a total of 100 MW of biogas plants are installed. There are about 80 co-digesters in operation, (50 MW), while 30 installations are not running. Also, upgrading of biogas takes place in four agricultural biogas installations. The total amount of upgraded biogas (bio methane) is 90 million Nm3 a year, originating mainly from industrial biogas installations and waste management companies.
In the new funding schema of 2014, about 0,27 TWh of electricity a year has been approved to combined heat and power with co-digestion and 100 million Nm3 of upgraded biogas (bio methane) a year for biogas upgrading. In the past about 40 to 50% of the funding was not used, facing difficulties in the realisation of the plant. One of the main aims of this project will thus be to overcome these difficulties and the use the available funding 100%.
Revenues from biogas installation in the Netherlands are based on renewable energy production. The government supports renewable energy initiative with the SDE+ subsidy, which is a subsidy for the financial gap between the market price for fossil based electricity heat and gas. However, the total amount of subsidy available each year is capped and registration is based on tendering, the cheapest technologies are first in line, the higher subsidy tariffs necessary for small scale biogas production where not reached. As biogas is, compared to solar-PV and woody biomass, relatively expensive, most years it is difficult to get enough subsidy for biogas installations. Therefore, after a lot of lobby work from, amongst other, CCS, in 2017 small scale biogas project (<400kW) got a reserved tender of 150 M€, especially for small scale biogas.
What have been done during the first project part
Institutional Building is being done through collaboration with regional cluster BEON, organisation Groen Gas Nederland, and official Dutch branch organisation BBO.
Work on strengthening the biogas sector framework has been done through organization of trainings for regional policy makers and law enforcers. Excursions connecting the provincial politicians and biogas stakeholders, giving very positive drastic change in motion – no further restrictions on digestion have been made. The framework also gained from feedback given by CCS for SDE+ (Dutch subsidy system for renewable energy). Last but not least, intensive activities are taking part in provinces of Overijssel and Gelderland, which are very suitable for bio-energy.
CCS has been involved into training for civil servants and biogas operators dealing with all legal aspect on operating a digester. Moreover as assistance to specific high quality biogas project development, CCS is finalizing preparations for the training sessions scheduled for the end of 2017 and first half of 2018.
As of optimization of biogas production CCS assisted in different biogas installation projects, i.a. in the search and selection for a manufacturer of biogas upgrading technology, pre-feasibility studies, setting up business plans etc.