Currently in Croatia there are 48 MWe installed in 37 plants which produce 278 GWh/year in electricity.
The biogas sector steadily increases in 2018 which was the effect of changing the support scheme from feed-in tariff to market premium in end 2015. Yet, 3 projects have failed to construct the plant in the due time and lost their FiT contract.
Currently, 16 biogas plants with 18.5 MWe are in holding a contract with Croatian Energy Regulatory Agency (HROTE) and are eligible for feed-in system support.
The biogas quota is set to 70 MWe by 2020.
Since 2016, no new contracts were signed for any renewable energy plant since due to the lack of implementing laws of the new Law on Renewables.
In 2014, Croatia has fulfilled its 20:20:20 targets, except in biofuels
During the project, EIHP has trying its ways to implement the Intervention strategy (WP3) in the dedicated areas (Bjelovarsko-bilogorska County and Koprivnicko-krizevacka County) as the beginning of the project was market with the change of supporting system for renewables and lack of implementing legislation. But, given the slow dynamics in framework conditions, the project went under amendments setting up Croatia as a target region. Finally, the outcomes were directed in general public, administration/officers, future and present biogas plant operators.
There were 16 events implemented to improve the biogas market in Croatia that has engaged over 500 participants and 6 TV discussions on biogas in 3 years, which is the prime in Croatia. The TV shows were on the National TV (HRT1) EKO Zona, specialized in environmental topics with average ratings of 130.000 viewers and the other one is Dobro jutro Hrvatska, with 120.000-140.000 viewers. 12 Newsletters were sent to stakeholders to be informed on biogas market that was not having any developments in terms of new investments. Still, this project managed to force upon biogas as a highly important topic, together with the Croatian Association of Biogas Producers.
In addition, synergies were made with other bioenergy related projects to highlight the transition to bioeconomy and the need to integrate efforts from energy and agriculture sectors.
The material developed through the project, different views and practical hurdles discussed at stakeholders forums and among think-thank members based on the two assumptions: 1) AD is beyond biogas and energy and 2) energy from biogas is not competitive at any energy market (electricity, heat, biofuels) and needs supporting scheme(s), two studies compiled opinions of the stakeholders and identified the tradeoffs of future biogas market in Croatia. Four main development directions have been identified:
- Pocket size on-farm biogas plants (9 -15 kW) with cogeneration unit
- Centralised municipal biogas plants (15-30 kW) with cogeneration unit
- Green marketing – FAB and fossil fuel companies investing in AD for biomethane
- Turning public waste companies to energy-waste companies according to the new Waste Plan (early 2017) for biomethane.
The highlight of the project and its sustainability are the findings from the National Biogas Development Study, together with Business models and Socio-economic impact study. They has served as orientation ground for elaborating the Green Book of Energy Strategy by 2030 with a view on 2050, Integrated National Energy and Climate Plan-draft and Rural Development measures for utilizing renewable energy in agriculture. Conclusions and recommendations were embedded in those strategic documents and one has to hope that the White Book will give more room for biogas than the Green Book in calculations.
Training material about AD has been included in the internal Agriculture Advisory service educational material via synergy of DSPF Farm Circle project – Young Farmers as Circles of Circular Economy.
Check the video to know more (only available in Croatian language):